The origins of Córdoba are lost in time. Its location near the river and the richness of the lands of the countryside made it the ideal place for the first prehistoric occupations. But it is not until the Final Bronze (9th and 8th centuries BC) that the first proper settlement is created. With the arrival of the Phoenicians and Greeks to the peninsula, the city reaffirms itself as an important mining and commercial center thanks to the navigability of the Guadalquivir. This fact favored artistic and commercial relations and dissemination, integrating this town with the main cities of the moment.
Córdoba is a city with an enormous cultural and monumental legacy. Its strategic location, close to the Guadalquivir River, once navigable, and the heritage of the different peoples settled in its rich lands, have made it a privileged place.
CÓRDOBA, WORLD HERITAGE SITE
UNESCO (United Nations Cultural, Scientific and Educational Organization) recognized in 1994 the universal importance of Cordoba’s historical assets, extending the title of World Heritage Site not only to the Cathedral Mosque, but also to the entire urban complex that surrounds it. . In addition, in December 2012, Córdoba received yet another distinction: The Fiesta de Los Patios was recognized as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Therefore, Córdoba has 3 inscriptions on the World Heritage List granted by Unesco: The Mosque Cathedral (1984), the historic center that surrounds it (1994) and the Fiesta de Los Patios (2012). In addition, like the rest of Spain, it enjoys the title of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity also granted to Flamenco (2010) and the Mediterranean Diet (2013).
The category of World Heritage Site is granted in order to protect, identify and preserve the cultural or natural heritage that is considered especially valuable. Holding this title entails a series of rights and obligations of which this city has been justly deserving.
Unesco defines Heritage as the legacy that we receive from the past, we live it in the present and we transmit it to the future. The political and cultural leaders of Córdoba, as well as all citizens, have been entrusted with the task of monitoring, preserving, protecting and promoting the study of our history, with the purpose of helping ourselves, as well as other peoples and cultures get to know it and be enriched by it.